Global Human Rights Amazon Workgroup
GHRD aims to draw attention to the visibility of Indigenous people of Suriname. Awareness, recognition, acquaintance with our culture rituals and libations.
Preserving the intangible heritage. GHRD – Amazone aim is also to project is to strengthen the identity of the indigenous communities in Suriname by bringing traditional values back to the fore and empowering the indigenous community by making known and preserving the cultural heritage again. The aim is therefore to set up an educational program and more information to make the traditional life patterns in the villages clearly recognizable.
To reach this goal:
- Applying lawful and lawful means.
- Commemorating Columbus Day October 12, the suffering that has been done to us.
- August 9 Day Natives celebration.
- Collaborate with other organizations working in the same field, Internationally and locally.
- Organize network meetings
- Maintaining contacts with the appropriate government, municipal and private bodies.
- Publishing documentation
- Human Rights and Human Rights Education
- Rights of indigenous peoples
- Fundamental rights Amazonian Indigenous
- Empowering Indigenous Women
- Reparation payment in the form of education, financial support and support of projects and all the above points.
- Projects such as: clean water, solar projects, health, education, Agriculture, Hunting and fishing, Knowledge of flora and fauna for specific purposes, Traditional Costumes, Knot hammocks, Making rope, Traditional food and drinks, Medicines, Ceremonial and rites
- Making an inventory of traditional customs, skills and crafts and those who still have knowledge of them and passing on this knowledge and skills to the indigenous population. – Connection will be sought with organizations who already stand up for the interests of the target group, such as the Association of Indigenous Village Heads Suriname (VIDS), the Organization of Indigenous People in Suriname (OIS) and the Amazone Party Suriname (APS) Foundation Paatu-Palumeu.
Mission and Vision
Providing and offering teaching materials on these topics is also part of this mission. The slavery past of our Indigenous people and oppression in the world must be recognized. To this end, the GHRD Amazone group is developing a number of core activities aimed at our slavery past in order to consciously confront the world with this Dutch slavery past in the former colony and Amazon areas. Awareness, recognition and introduction to culture and history are our priorities. We also draw attention to the recognition of our collective property, which is not recognized in Surinamese law, but is recognized in international law.
The peace treaty of 1686 concluded by Gouverneur van Aerssen van Sommelsdijck with the Arawaks, Caribbean, and Warrao and with the colonial administration must be recognized by the Surinamese government and the Dutch government.
Background information on the “red slave”
The “red slave”, “The Indian or red slave” is a forgotten page in Dutch and Surinamese history. Bookcases have been written about the Dutch trans-Atlantic slavery past, and in recent years the perspective of the Afro-Surinamese community has been reluctantly accepted In all the commotion of grief, defence, guilt, penance, recognition of colonialism and slavery in Suriname and the Caribbean we have skipped an essential page. What are the reasons for this? The books say that when the Europeans set foot in the Caribbean and Atlantic coasts of South America, the Arawaks and Caribbean lived here, which these Europeans called “Indians” for short, because they thought they had arrived in India. Then we read about how the Europeans take people from Africa and sell them in the Americas to be slaves on the plantations. The original inhabitants of Suriname and its neighboring countries then disappear from the pages, but the original inhabitants – still incorrectly called “Indians” – still live and work in Suriname and the Netherlands.
The indigenous people have traditionally been the first inhabitants of the Americas
The indigenous people have traditionally been the first inhabitants of the Americas and therefore also of Suriname. In Suriname the natives are divided into the following tribes:
The Caribbean and the Arawaks are the largest indigenous tribes.
The indigenous people, like the other Surinamese population groups, have partly swarmed to the city or abroad. But their base is still in the villages in the northern part of Suriname.
But even those communities are not unaffected by economic and socio-cultural developments. With the gradual disappearance of the own language, which has been supplanted by Sranan Tongo, Dutch, English or French, the traditional cultural heritage is also disappearing. Many indigenous people have lost touch with the traditions and knowledge and skills that are part of their cultural heritage.
Some developments such as education and medical facilities are of course real achievements, but the loss of this heritage also leads to a loss of the sense of belonging, a loss of social cohesion and thus the disappearance of the typical characteristics of the indigenous communities.
The indigenous people today form a minority within Surinamese society. The loss of Indigenous identity means that further discrimination is not imaginary – Indigenous people are still regarded as third-class citizens – and that they have little influence on improving their social position.
These developments have also changed the governance of the communities. There are still (elected) village heads who are assisted by ‘basyas’, but because their authority is no longer naturally derived from the traditions of the communities, they are confronted with issues for which they are not automatically well equipped. Where there is insufficient experience in effective leadership, it is difficult to give sufficient direction to communal activities, to act as a connecting factor in the community and to strengthen local institutions.